Empowering a new generation of Americans
Hispanic refers to a person of Caribbean or Latin American or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino culture or origin, and is considered an ethnic category rather than a racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin therefore may be of any race, and since their culture varies with the country of origin, the Spanish language often is the uniting factor. Three out of every five Hispanics living in the U.S. are born here, and among the foreign born, most are of Mexican origin, which suggests that a great many Hispanics share similar backgrounds and cultural experiences. Nonetheless, spending patterns differ significantly based on country of origin, and the composition of the nation’s Hispanic population is changing.1
The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2012, making people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 17 percent of the nation's total population.
Number of Hispanics added to the nation's population between July 1, 2011, and July 1, 2012. This number is close to half of the approximately 2.3 million people added to the nation's population during this period.
Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2011 and 2012.
The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 31 percent of the nation's population by that date.
Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide, as of 2010. Only Mexico (112 million) had a larger Hispanic population than the United States (50.5 million).
The percentage of Hispanic-origin people in the United States who were of Mexican background in 2011. Another 9.4 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.8 percent Salvadoran, 3.6 percent Cuban, 3.0 percent Dominican and 2.3 percent Guatemalan. The remainder was of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic/Latino origin.
More than 50%
The percent of all the Hispanic population that lived in California, Florida, and Texas as of July 1, 2012.
Number of states in which Hispanics were the largest minority group. These states were Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming
The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic population of any state as well as the largest numeric increase within the Hispanic population since July 1, 2011 (232,000).
The Hispanic population of Los Angeles County, Calif., in 2012. This is the highest of any county and the largest numeric increase since 2012 (55,000)
The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 43.6 percent from 2002.
Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 58.0 percent from 2002.
The percentage of businesses in New Mexico in 2007 that were Hispanic-owned, which led all states. Florida (22.4 percent) and Texas (20.7 percent) were runners-up.
The number of Hispanic family households in the United States in 2012.
The percentage of Hispanic family households that were married couple households in 2012.
The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than 18 present in 2012.
Percentage of Hispanic children living with two parents in 2012.
Percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under 18 where both spouses were employed in 2012.
The number of U.S. residents 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2011. This is a 117 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablanespanol en casa constituted 12.9 percent of U.S. residents 5 and older. More than half of these Spanish speakers spoke English "very well."
The median income of Hispanic households in 2011.
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2011, down from 26.5 percent in 2010.
The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2011.
The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older that had at least a high school education in 2011.
The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor's degree or higher in 2011.
The number of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a bachelor's degree in 2011.
Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees in 2011 (e.g., master's, professional, doctorate).
Percentage of students (both undergraduate and graduate students) enrolled in college in 2011 who were Hispanic.
Percentage of Hispanics 16 and older who are in the civilian labor force in 2011.
The percentage of civilian employed Hispanics or Latinos 16 years and older who worked in management, business, science, and arts occupations in 2011.
Number of Hispanic chief executives. In addition, 50,866 physicians and surgeons; 48,720 postsecondary teachers; 38,532 lawyers; and 2,726 news analysts, reporters and correspondents were Hispanic.
The percentage of voters in the 2012 presidential election who were Hispanic. Hispanics comprised 7 percent of voters in 2010.
The number of Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces
Reprinted with permission from
Florida Trend Magazine
United by one language, Florida Hispanics are diverse, multifaceted, and an unstoppable engine for economic and social growth.
Findings from the most recent U.S. Census Bureau and the Pew Hispanic Center research shed a fascinating light on the customs and trends of the nation’s fastest growing minority, and how it’s influencing the demographic and economic makeup of the Sunshine State. At Hispanic Unity we are proud to contribute to Florida’s prosperity by providing Hispanic –and all immigrant communities– the tools to prosper and succeed.
1 Florida International University, Metropolitan Center, “Florida’s Changing Demographics: Hispanic Political Influence”